Newly Discovered Magma Reservoir at Yellowstone
Could Fill Grand Canyon 11 Times
|Photo: The Grand Prismatic Spring in Yellowstone National Park is the largest hot spring in America and the third largest in the world after Frying Pan Lake in New Zealand and Boiling Lake in Dominica are larger. The spring is approximately 250 by 300 feet and 160 feet deep. Geologists working in the Hayden Geological Survey of 1871 named it for its striking colors. (Courtesy James St. John snapped in June 2013)
August 11, 2015
No you didn't misread this. Scientists calculate Yellowstone's magma could fill the Grand Canyon's 1,000 cubic mile "bowl" many times over. Imagine pouring molten rock into its humongous cavern 11 times clear to brimming. It would take that much with a little extra lava left over. Now add that to the already known magma chamber that could fill the Grand Canyon another 2-1⁄2 times. That's pretty hard to wrap one's brain around.
The newly found reservoir has been there all along, but scientists at the University of Utah – Fan Chi-Lin, Hsin-Hua Huang, Robert B. Smith and Jamie Farrell – found it by tracking seismic waves of 5,000 earthquakes. This recently mapped reservoir lies right below the main magma chamber and dwarfs it 4-1⁄2 times.
Image: This how they envision the plumbing looks under the Yellowstone Supervolcano:
Green lines show the boundary of Yellowstone National Park that spans an area larger than Rhode Island or Delaware. The previously known magma chamber shown in orange is about 3 – 9 miles underground and the newly discovered magma reservoir (red) is between 12 and 28 miles below the surface. Under the reservoir is Yellowstone's hotspot plume in yellow, which thrusts up hot rock from Earth's mantle. Previous research showed the plume went down at least 440 miles, but some researchers suspect it originates at Earth’s core, 1,800 miles deep. (Reminds one of that big credibility stretch 2003 sci-fi movie "The Core". Doubtful anything can withstand 11,000ºF that "Earth's saviors" had to endure.)
SCIENCE ALWAYS EVOLVING
This isn't the only new discovery. Last year scientists had to revise the size of the smaller magma chamber. They used to think it was 1,000 cubic miles – about the size of the Grand Canyon – but Farrell and Smith showed the chamber is really 2-1⁄2 times bigger.
They thought something had been "off" with Yellowstone all along because more carbon dioxide gases were being emitted than could be accounted for by just the higher magma chamber.
The four scientists who conducted this latest study are quick to reassure that nothing has changed, there is no rise in the danger level just because they found this massive pot of hot rock. However, "an eruption, the say, could kill as many as 90,000 people almost instantly and release a 10 ft. (3-meter) layer of molten ash 1,000 miles (1,609km) from the park."1 Such an explosion would trigger a nuclear winter with catastrophic results.
Last year a USGS study concluded that an eruption of this magnitude would cover cities 300 miles away in three feet of ash. Travel and communications would screech to a halt. Roads and highways would be blocked by massive volcanic dust dunes. Food and water supplies would be wiped. Ash weight on top of buildings would cause them to collapse. This wouldn't produce just an ugly day Out West. Prevailing westerly winds would send ash to the East Coast and beyond – around the globe many times. Life as humans knew it – for those who survived – would change forever.
HOLLY NOTE: The USGS recently revised the number of Americans at risk for earthquakes saying FEMA's number of 75 million was way too low. Instead, their data show nearly HALF – more than 143 million lie – in a danger zone. Highest populations exposed to the strongest shaking live in California followed by Washington, Utah, Tennessee, Oregon, South Carolina, Nevada, Arkansas, Missouri and Illinois. Most volcanic eruptions start with earthquakes, sometimes small ones. A mere 5.1 temblor set off Mount St. Helens in 1980 and a Yellowstone eruption is estimated to be 1,000 larger.
1Source: Zolfagharifard, Ellie, "The Timebomb Under Yellowstone: Experts Warn of 90,000 Immediate Deaths and a 'Nuclear Winter' Across the US If Supervolcano Erupts," UK Daily Mail, August 8, 2015, http://www.dailymail.co.uk/sciencetech/article-3189619/What-happen-Yellowstone-s-supervolcano-erupted-Experts-warn-90-000-immediate-deaths-nuclear-winter-US.html
27 Things That Will (May) Happen Sept-Oct 2015
August 8, 2015, updated August 11
People are wondering, speculating what may happen in the next two months. This list of 26, compiled by various people, shows just how "busy" September and October will be. The vast majority of these are fact-based, some fall in the woo-woo category. However, it's an interesting bunch of 'coincidences' heaped together primarily on September. Whether all or some of these events occur, it's a remarkable confluence. H/T Canary Cry Radio, Linda Babb and Wayne Peterson
1. Ultra-Orthodox Rabbi Chaim Kanievsky says Messiah coming "at the end of the Sabbatical year", Sept. 12 (Orthodox Jews will be looking for the arrival of their Messiah; they don't recognize Jesus as The Messiah.)
2. Shemittah – 7 year Jewish cycle that culminates around Sept. 13. Hopefully you got to hear Jonathan Cahn on Coast To Coast AM August 10. He gives the best explanation of all the evens surround Smemittah. If you missed it and don't have a membership, listen here. We haven't listened to this specific interview, but it should cover the same material.
3. Rosh Hashanah – Jewish New year Sept. 13 and the creation of Adam and Eve celebrated Sept. 15.
4. 5775 Hebrew year ends Sept. 13.
5. Palestine may become a State Sept. 15 under UN Resolution.
6. Jade Helm 15 publicly ends on Sept. 15.
7. International Day of Peace Sept. 21 (peace and safety? See 1Thess 5:3) – Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement) begins at sunset Sept. 21 and lasts through the 23rd.
8. 70th Jubilee Year starts on Sept. 23. See Leviticus 25:8-10.
9. Day of Arafat (Islamic Pilgrimage to Mecca) begins Sept. 22-23.
10. Eid al-Adha in the U.S. – Islamic Feast of Sacrifice Sept. 23-26 (In 2016, this begins on the eve of 9/11).
11. Prophetic time cycle from Israel's recapture in June 7, 1967 to September 23, 2015. (Daniel’s Final "49" and 70th "7" Simplified)
12. Mayan time cycle of 5,126 years computed as days from Sept. 11, 2001 – Sept. 23, 2015 = 5,126 days.
13. CERN – celebrating International Year of Light – to fire full power crossing over opening portals Sept. 23-24 (partnered with CERN, SESAME – Synchrotron-light for Experimental Science and Applications in the Middle East – project under construction in Jordan [think "open Sesame", the magic password that opened the door of the thieves' den in Ali Baba and the 40 Thieves]).
14. Madonna's Rebel Heart Tour starts in Montreal on Sept. 9, opens in the U.S. Sept. 12 in Washington D.C. – opening theme is Desecration of The Bride and Arrival of Fallen Angels.
15. Pope Francis Apostolic Tour, addresses U.S. Congress for the first time in history on Sept. 24.
16. Pope Francis will address the UN General Assembly of World Leaders on Sept. 25 on Sustainable Development – announcement of unification of world laws on environment, religion and distribution of wealth. Think Agenda 21 on growth hormones. Will issue an encyclical on Sept. 25.
17. Pope to hold mass in Madison Square Gardens in New York City Sept. 25
18. Pope concludes his trip in Philadelphia at the 2015 World Meeting of Families, a global Roman Catholic event Sept. 26-27.
19. French Foreign Minister Laurent Fabius and Secretary of State John Kerry discuss that there were just 500 days left to end climate chaos. That supposedly began (according to Fabius) on May 14, 2014 and time limit is up on Sept. 25. It would have been interesting if mainstream news who reported that had asked the duo on what data did they base this.
20. Tomorroworld / Tomorrowland Rave Concert & Festival Sept. 25-27 just outside Atlanta, Georgia: celebrates false love and light, keys, antichrist, opening gates and portals.
21. Feast of Tabernacles Sept. 27-Oct. 5.
22. 4th of 4 Blood Moons Sept. 28.
23. First "bookend" of coming collapse of the U.S. dollar Sept. 15. See:
Economic Collapse Coming - September 2015?
Debt Bomb Going to Explode in September 2015 - David Morgan
8 Financial Experts That Are Warning That a Great Financial Crisis Is Imminent
24. Chinese President Xi Jinping to visit America in Sept. 2015 (specific date not yet announced).
25. Parable of the Fig Tree – One interpretation of "how long is a generation" is 67 years. That added to 1948 when Israel became a state is 2015. This is computed on the Jewish calendar with 360 days in a year.
26. Muslim clerics are predicting return of their Madhi in September. Side Note 1: Old prophecy of Islamic prophet Ali Bin Iben Abi Talib says that just before the coming of the Mahdi, a tall black man will rise up to take command of the West and command the most power army on earth. Obama? Side Note 2: Others have been less specific listing the date as "most likely" in 2015 (or 2016).
27. Federal Reserve will likely announce on September 17 the first increase in interest rates since December 2008, jeopardizing a large portion of the $1+ quadrillion in derivatives, and triggering losses to the major banks that hold them.
Hot Cars 'Cooking' More Kids and Pets
Graphic: The biggest increase in interior car temperatures occurs in the first 30 minutes.
Compared to the image below, there is a small difference noted for rising temperatures
due as it's not an exact science. However, the dangers of leaving kids and pets inside
parked cars even for "just a minute" is unmistakable.
August 2, 2015
This is a topic that you'd think wouldn't be necessary. Logic dictates that excessive car heat + kids and pets can be deadly. It's much like by winter people have gone brain dead thinking they can drive 75 mph on icy freeways. Every year sees 50- and 100-car pile-ups because someone didn't slow down to suit road conditions.
By July 2015 at least 9 children had "cooked" and died after being left in parked cars. News has been plastered with many close calls for children and pets and their heroic rescues. According to KidsAndCars.org as of August 2014, 32 children had died of heatstroke in too-hot cars. The year before, 44 US kids died this way. Heatstroke in cars has killed over 700 U.S. children since 1990. It can happen in any state, but Texas, California, Florida, Arizona and North Carolina see the most.
Graphic: It might be an idea to pull down this graphic, print it out and put it on the fridge especially during Summer. It's already sized for printing on 8-1/2 x 11" paper.
Caregivers defend themselves saying they left children or pets in the car for “just a minute" while they ran an errand. Then more time passes than intended. Otherwise loving parents get hung up in a line, get distracted or lose track of time. Few realize just how quickly a vehicle's interior can hit triple digits, skyrocket even when the car is parked in shade, with the windows cracked and outside temperature seems mild.
Children, Elderly and Pets Most at Risk
Children’s bodies absorb heat 3 to 5 times faster than adults because they’re not fully developed. Heat stroke can occur when body temperature passes 104ºF (40ºC) causing dizziness, disorientation, agitation, confusion, sluggishness, seizure, loss of consciousness, and/or death. Elderly people and those who are overweight are also more at risk of overheating.
Dogs, especially short-muzzled pets such as Shih-Tzus, Pekingese, English bulldogs, French bulldogs, boxers, etc. or ones with thick or dark-colored coats are more heat-intolerant than their furry counterparts. Canines that have suffered heat stroke previously or are obese are also more at risk.
Dogs don’t have sweat glands all over their bodies like we do, so they have just 2 ways to cool off – panting and releasing heat through their paws. (Yes, dogs do perspire through their feet since there's no fur covering them, but their sweat glands are tiny compared to humans.) They can't effectively get rid of excessive body heat by panting because there's not enough cool air to breathe in a blistering car.
Tips to Help Avoid This Life-threatening Situation
- Plan your errands in ways that won’t require you leaving your child or pet alone on a car. Use the drive-thru windows at restaurants, banks and dry cleaners, and pay at the pump for gas.
- Place your purse, wallet, briefcase, cell phone or any other item you know you'll need in the car's back seat.
- Keep a doll, stuffed animal or toy in your child’s unoccupied car seat, moving it to the front seat when your child is with you to serve as a reminder.
- Each time you put your child in the back seat, take off your left shoe and put it back there too.
- If your child goes missing, check the car first – including the trunk. Kids love to imitate their parents’ day-to-day activities, and a trunk makes a seemingly great hide-and-seek hiding spot to a child.
- If you see a child or pet left alone in a vehicle for more than a few minutes, get them out and call 911 – even if you have to break the window.
Laws to Help
As of August 2015, 19 states have passed legislation allowing strangers to break a car window if they believe the situation threatens the child’s well-being.
Some states, but not all have passed legislation allowing strangers to break a car window if a pet locked inside is clearly in distress. Check here to find your state's animals-in-hot-car laws:
Photo: "Apocalyptic" thunderstorm in Moscow unleashes freak lightning
(© Vladimir Sergeev / RIA Novosti)
July 28, 2015
The following short warning about "these times" is from a site reader. Who could doubt that the approaching maelstrom – that event that will "cause men's heart to fail" – is fast closing in? People are feeling it, dreaming it, visioning it. Those who are awake see we are hurtling toward it. No question events signaling End Times are escalating.
When reading news, especially pieces like this: Satanic Statue Unveiled in Detroit there can be little doubt. A few short years ago, something of this nature wouldn't have made headlines because it would have been unthinkable. It shouldn't be a surprise that there's a sharp rise in worldwide covens and other such groups. One website lists nearly 3,000 local covens showing they've permeated nearly every facet of life, even churches and the military. Not to pick on witches because there's plenty of indicative news. That we are in End Times can be of little doubt.
It used to be said that fleeting time was a sign of old age. But even Millennials feel it. I can't tell you how many times in the past few weeks, people have exclaimed, "Where has summer gone?" This time warp has the world whipping through a wormhole. Strap in, we're about to hit turbulence.
HOLLY NOTE: IF things go sideways in September through year end, have your preps ready by next month – at the latest, and you should be fine. Most of our readers have prepping well under way. Store enough food, water and any necessary meds, etc. to get you through several months. Ditto for your pets. Pay utility and other recurring bills as far ahead as possible. Pull some cash out of the bank – enough to cover unforeseen expenses. No one has a true picture of just how challenging Autumn could be. Sticking your head in the sand leaves your backside vulnerable, but a prepared home breeds an easy mind and a light heart.
I was just reading over your post from June 27th in which you said:
Stan and I've talked with many Christians over the past few weeks and they all feel a closing darkness and a spirit of oppression.
I read that post a month ago, but for some reason today I went back to read it and that line jumped out at me. I guess I was either skimming quickly before or I just somehow missed it. The reason I bring it up is that about a year ago (sometime last summer) I had what I can only guess was a vision. I wasn't asleep. I've had this happen a couple times in my life but not like the past couple of years so it's all strange to me. I say it was a vision because I don't know what else to call it. It was just there in my mind. (Earlier that day I had seen a HUGE black bird in the tree in my back yard and it sat there watching me through the back window for several minutes until I walked outside, then it flew off. I don't know if that was related or not but thought I would mention that here.)
Anyway, the "vision"...I was standing in what I can only describe as a field of grass. It was a large field that seemed to be encircled by trees all the way around way out at the edges. It wasn't any field I recognized. Even now when I think about it I get the same feeling that I got back then...darkness/evil. I was safe where I was, but in the tree line I could see/sense a dark mist or fog. It was moving SOOO slowly into to field. I didn't feel threatened immediately, but it was like a presence that was lurking just waiting to move in.
That was all there was to it, but I was left with this feeling like there was something evil on the horizon and that it was slowly and methodically closing in on all sides. I told my husband and my mother-in-law because I knew they wouldn't think I was nuts. Today when I read your post again, I saw the line above jump out at me about a "closing darkness" and I remembered that experience I had and wanted to share that with you.
Needless to say, I prayed really hard and long immediately after for protection from the darkness that was coming. I still pray that prayer every day and sometimes in the middle of the night when I can still feel it closing in. Prayer is the only thing that makes me feel safe in these times.
I don't know why I am sending you this. I just felt I should.
Tammy in Dallas, TX
When Trucks Stop, America Stops
July 18, 2015
The following article (H/T Donald Merker) whipped around the Internet several years ago, but in light of renewed concerns over "something BIG happening very soon", it deserves a repost. Never have Stan and I seen people so on edge. Everyone who's awake senses a major disruptive event occurring in the near future. What exactly will take place no one has a concrete answer, but the strongest worry centers on the financial world. This, as well as other scenarios like a coordinated large-scale terrorist attack or an EMP event could impact the trucking industry nationwide.
Something else to consider is that the number of available drivers in this industry is shrinking. Not only is long-haul trucking a relatively dangerous career, but a large number of drivers are aging and ready to retire. This could significantly push up prices of retail and wholesale goods if manufacturers have to find alternate shipping methods. According to the Bureau of Labor Statistics’ Census of Fatal Occupational Injuries truck driving had the most fatalities of all occupations, accounting for 12% of all worker deaths.
Have you noticed how the Pacific Northwest quake / tsunami threat is now much worse than previously thought? Ditto for the mega-quake to hit California, which is a separate issue. And Yellowstone. Ditto for the Midwest's New Madrid fault line's quaking and shaking. The Wall Street Journal reported last year that the Earthquake Risk Rising in Central U.S., Where Many People Are Unprepared. Literally dozens of asteroid near misses / flybys are reported after the event takes place. Many news sources, mainstream and alternative, are reporting that a financial fiasco is imminent. Too many to link. If you really want to know what's going on with The Elite and their agenda for America, watch Pastor Lindsey Williams' latest video. Is it coincidence America was modeled after Greece that is literally rioting due to their sinking, devastated, debt-ridden, crashed economy? Doesn't that point to America?
The EU may be their saviours, but no one will save America. We are out there alone where many will cheer when we go down. It is scriptural. See Revelation 18:11. No matter how Mr. Obama couches terrorism as "workplace violence" there is no such nicety, no tidy pocket isolating the 2014 events that hit an all-time high. Attacks in 2015 are already dwarfing 2014. How soon will they hit your town? We're seeing Muslims with the Arafat white-with-a-black-patten tea towel thingy on their heads right here in Pueblo West. Pretty unnerving when there are basically no black people here, let alone Muslims, but all of a sudden there are a lot of obvious Muslims parading around. Who would have ever thought…?
Everyone is on guard. Alert. Even though the County of Pueblo is overwhelmingly Democrat, everyone owns firearms here, so if radicalized Muslims come here with ill intent, they will face strong, deadly resistance. So be it. Probably a better route to meet their 72 virgins. Justa thought… but what do martyred Muslim women get? A eunuch? No one ever talks about that.
Factor in Jade Helm. There are huge numbers of not-up-to-date silly news sources – parroting other news venues not doing their own homework – are still saying this exercise includes Colorado. We are not participating, not since April, in this event because our troops had other commitments. However, Jade Helm is now an on-going yearly event and Colorado will be a part of it in the coming years. So just saying, things are ramping up. By hook or crook, government is letting the public be advised albeit very weakly, very quietly, that "stuff" is in the wind so as to not stir up the masses.
If you want the detail for how dependent America and most other Western nations are on commercial trucking, read the article. If you want just the highlights, check the graphic. Be sure to click it for a bigger view.
If you're feeling the urge to prepare now, as are many and don't know where to start, take advantage of our FREE preparedness website.
Be well. Be safe. Be prepared.
When Trucks Stop, America Stops
Commercial truck traffic is vital to our nation’s economic prosperity and plays a significant role in mitigating adverse economic effects during a national or regional emergency. Our economy depends on trucks to deliver ten billion tons of virtually every commodity consumed—over 80 percent of all freight transported annually in the U.S. In the U.S. alone, this accounts for $700.4 billion worth of goods transported by truck. Trucks hauled 65.6% of the shipment of value into Canada and 67% of the shipment of value into Mexico. It becomes apparent that any disruption in truck traffic will lead to rapid economic instability.
The unimpeded flow of trucks is critical to the safety and well-being of all Americans. However, it is entirely possible that well-intended public officials may instinctively halt or severely restrict truck traffic in response to an incident of national or regional significance.
History has shown us the consequences that result from a major disruption in truck travel. Immediately following the 9/11 terrorist attacks, significant truck delays at the Canadian border crossings shut down several auto manufacturing plants in Michigan because just-in-time parts were not delivered. The economic cost to these companies was enormous. Following Hurricane Katrina, trucks loaded with emergency goods were rerouted, creating lengthy delays in delivering urgently needed supplies to the stricken areas.
Although in the face of an elevated threat level, a terrorist attack, or a pandemic, halting truck traffic may appear to be the best defense, it actually puts citizens at risk. Officials at every level of government must recognize that a decision to halt or severely curb truck traffic following a national or regional emergency will produce unintended health and economic consequences not only for the community they seek to protect, but for the entire nation.
The American Trucking Associations researched seven key consumer industries to quantify the potential consequences of restricting or halting truck traffic in response to a national or regional emergency. This report details the findings.
The Food Industry
Every day, Americans purchase billions of dollars of groceries. Most of these goods are brought to market via daily truck deliveries.
• Significant shortages will occur in as little as three days, especially for perishable items following a national emergency and a ban on truck traffic. Minor shortages will occur within one to two days. At convenience stores and other small retailers with less inventory, shortages will occur much sooner.
• Consumer fear and panic will exacerbate shortages. The forecast of a winter storm quickly exhausts basic commodities at grocery stores and supermarkets. It takes retailers up to three days to recover from these runs on supplies. News of a truck stoppage—whether on the local level, state or regional level, or nationwide— will spur hoarding and drastic increases in consumer purchases of essential goods. Shortages will materialize quickly and could lead to civil unrest.
• Supplies of clean drinking water will run dry in two to four weeks. According to the American Water Works Association, Americans drink more than one billion glasses of tap water per day. For safety and security reasons, most water supply plants maintain a larger inventory of supplies than the typical business. However, the amount of chemical storage varies significantly and is site specific. According to the Chlorine Institute, most water treatment facilities receive chlorine in cylinders (150 pounds and one ton cylinders) that are delivered by motor carriers. On average, trucks deliver purification chemicals to water supply plants every seven to 14 days. Without these chemicals, water cannot be purified and made safe for drinking. Without truck deliveries of purification chemicals, water supply plants will run out of drinkable water in 14 to 28 days. Once the water supply is drained, water will be deemed safe for drinking only when boiled. Lack of clean drinking water will lead to increased gastrointestinal and other illnesses, further taxing an already weakened healthcare system.
Both healthcare providers and consumers rely on regular delivery of medications and healthcare supplies to hospitals, pharmacies, nursing homes and other healthcare facilities. Trucks deliver nearly all of these supplies. Al Cook, former president of the Materials Management Association and current member of the Medical Materials Coordinating Group, which is advising the U.S. Department of Health and Human Resources on emergency preparedness, describes over-the-road commercial transportation as “life and death to being able to care for sick people.”
• Without truck transportation, patient care within the truck stoppage zone will be immediately jeopardized. According to Cook, many hospitals have moved to a justin- time inventory system. In fact, some work from a low-unit-of-measure system. This means that essential basic supplies, such as syringes and catheters, are not ordered until the supplies are depleted. These systems depend on trucks to deliver needed supplies within hours of order placement. Internal redistribution of supplies in hospitals could forestall a crisis for a short time; however, in a matter of hours, hospitals would be unable to supply critical patient care.
• If an incident of national significance produces mass injuries, truck transportation is the key to delivering urgently needed medical supplies necessary to save lives. According to Cook, there are not enough medical supplies in any local area to support a large scale medical emergency. The Medical Materials Coordinating Group has worked with U.S. Health and Human Services to develop contingency plans that will coordinate national redistribution of essential medical supplies during a national emergency. These contingency plans ensure that affected areas receive adequate medical supplies to support the crisis while also maintaining adequate supplies for the basic medical needs of the larger community. Cook states that the medical redistribution program relies on trucks as the primary mode of transport to carry out the expedient redistribution of supplies, and ties the success of the program to the ability of trucks to access medical facilities and warehouses during an emergency situation.
• Hospitals and nursing homes will exhaust food supplies in as little as 24 hours. Hospitals and nursing homes receive daily truck deliveries of food for patients. The International Food Distributors Association notes that because these facilities lack significant warehousing capabilities, a truck stoppage will result in food shortages within 24 to 48 hours, particularly among perishable items.
• Pharmacy stocks of prescription drugs will be depleted quickly. Although pharmacies typically carry several weeks inventory of many drugs, seasonal pharmaceuticals, such as antibiotics and flu-shots during winter months, have faster turnover rates. According to the National Association of Chain Drug Stores, most of the nation’s 55,000 drug stores receive daily merchandise deliveries by truck.
• Hospitals and other diagnostic and treatment facilities will exhaust supplies of radiopharmaceuticals and oxygen. Radiopharmaceutical supplies for cancer treatment and diagnostic services, which have an effective life of only a few hours, will become unusable. Hospital size and storage capacity determine the amount of oxygen a facility can maintain; however, in general, hospitals will exhaust oxygen supplies within seven to ten days.
The impact of a truck stoppage would not be limited to highway transportation but would affect all modes of transportation. Trucks are the fundamental unit within the transportation sector. Trucks transport just about all cargo to and from air and rail terminals and maritime ports. Trucks also deliver fuel to the majority of rail yards. The Air Transport Association estimates that trucks account for approximately 80 percent of the fuel deliveries to the nation’s airports. Truck transport is the mechanism for fuel delivery to service stations and truck stops.
• Service station fuel supplies will start to run out in just one to two days. According to the Service Station Dealers of America, the nation’s busiest fuel stations sell between 200,000 and 300,000 gallons per month. These stations require multiple deliveries every day to meet this demand. An average service station requires a delivery every 2.4 days. Based on these statistics, the busiest service stations could run out of fuel within hours of a truck stoppage, with the remaining stations following within one to two days. Researchers predict that automobile travel will cease within one week if fuel deliveries are halted.
Air, rail and maritime transportation will be disrupted. Airlines and air cargo operations will be grounded due to the lack of supplies for operations. Railroads will cease all truck trailer-on-flat-car or piggy-back and container operations. Rail freight will pile up at rail terminals since intermodal trucks provide the first and last mile in intermodal moves. Smaller railroads (Classes 2 and 3) will stop operation due to lack of truck-supplied fuel and will create significant congestion on feeder lines to the large (Class 1) railroads. If the truck stoppage occurred in a coastal region, inbound and outbound container ships, which rely on intermodal truck transportation, will sit idle at the maritime ports.
• A fuel shortage will create secondary effects. Without access to automobile travel, people will be unable to get to work causing labor shortages and increased economic damage. Without cars, many people cannot access grocery stores, banks, doctors, and other daily needs. Public bus systems will cease to operate as well, preventing many disabled and elderly people from accessing these necessities. Without fuel, police, fire, rescue and other public service vehicles will be paralyzed, further jeopardizing public safety. U.S. Mail and other package delivery operations will cease. Within two days, garbage will start to pile up in urban and suburban areas due to a lack of regular pick ups, creating a health hazard.
The Environmental Protection Agency estimates that Americans generate more than 236 million tons of municipal or household waste annually. This does not take into account manufacturing, medical, or other types of commercial waste.
• Within days of a truck stoppage, Americans will be literally buried in garbage with serious health and environmental consequences. Further, without fuel deliveries, many waste processing facilities will be unable to operate equipment such as backhoes and incinerators.
• Uncollected and deteriorating waste products create rich breeding grounds for microorganisms, insects, and other vermin. Hazardous materials and medical waste will introduce toxins as well as infectious diseases into living environments. Urban areas will, of course, be significantly impacted within just a couple of days. But rural and agricultural areas as well as food processing plants will be impacted as well. Without waste removal and treatment, food wastes, such as slaughtered animal byproducts and overripe fruits and vegetables will create extremely toxic conditions.
• Beyond the health risks, a lack of waste removal creates pollution hazards. Biological pathogens, hazardous chemicals and even radioactive materials will be released into the soil, water, and atmosphere. And, the sheer volume of uncollected waste could block water run off and drainage leading to pooling and flooding.
The Retail Sector
A disruption of truck deliveries to retail outlets will have serious effects on both consumers and retailers.
• Replenishment of goods will be disrupted. Many of the nation’s leading retailers rely on just-in-time delivery to keep inventory levels as low as possible. Similar to the low-unit-of-measure hospital inventory system, these stores rely on frequent deliveries to replenish basic goods. Often, delivery of a shipment is not triggered until the current inventory is nearly depleted. Without truck deliveries, retailers will be unable to restock goods, including consumer basics such as bottled water, canned goods, and paper products.
• Consumer behavior during emergencies triples the rate of inventory turn-over. Since many large retail outlets typically keep inventories as lean as possible, problems often arise quickly during truck transportation slowdowns that occur from crises such as hurricanes.
In a hurricane situation, supplies that would normally last a few days, such as water, powdered milk, and canned meat, typically disappear within one day. Given these inventory rates, this means that perishable goods could be depleted in a matter of days and non-perishables in just a few days. Runs on food and non-food staples during hurricanes, and even before big winter storms, provide a good example of how fast some retail inventories can be depleted during panic buying. The same quick depletion of inventories could occur if trucks stopped making deliveries for any reason.
In recent years, manufacturers in the United States have shifted increasingly to just-in-time manufacturing. Aimed at improving efficiency, just-in-time manufacturing reduces the need for extensive warehousing of manufacturing components because parts and components are delivered to the production line just hours before assembly. As a result, manufacturers are extremely sensitive to disruptions in the supply chain.
• Just-in-time manufacturers will shut down assembly lines within hours. Major American manufacturers, ranging from computer manufacturers such as Dell and Compaq to major automakers such as GM and Ford, rely on just-in-time manufacturing. Without truck deliveries, component shortages and manufacturing delays will develop within hours. If assembly lines are forced to shut down, manufacturers will incur significant disruption costs and thousands of employees will be put out of work. Just-in-time manufacturers also rely on trucks to transport goods to the market within hours of assembly. A truck stoppage will cripple deliveries to retailers.
Banking & Finance
Even with today’s high-tech electronic exchange of currency and information, trucks play a critical role in transporting hard copies of financial documents and currency. Disruption of truck deliveries to banks and ATMs will paralyze the banking industry, affecting both consumers and businesses. The bottom-line: cash is still heavily used as legal tender.
• ATM and branch bank cash resources will be exhausted quickly. In today’s fast paced, high-technology economy, consumers access cash 24/7 from over 370,000 ATMs nationwide. JP Morgan Chase, the nation’s second largest consumer bank, replenishes its 6,600 ATMs via armored truck delivery every two to three days. Given the increase in ATM activity that occurs before and after any type of crisis, ATMs would run out of cash much sooner.
• Small and medium-size businesses will lose access to cash. Banks provide daily cash and coin deliveries to thousands of small and medium-size businesses via armored trucks. According to JP Morgan Chase, without these daily deliveries and collections, the ability of businesses to carry out normal commercial transactions will be disrupted and eventually cease.
• Regular bank functions will cease. Bank branches transfer paper documents for every transaction, via daily truck service, to a central location for processing. Unable to conduct transactions at a central location, banks will be unable to process deposits, checks, and other standard bank transactions, bringing the American banking system to a halt.
In addition to the effects on the key industries outlined in this paper, a ripple effect could significantly disrupt a variety of services and activities beyond the affected area, extending into communities nationwide.
For example, the Department of Defense (DoD) supply chain includes 1,100 shipping points inside the United States, connects to airports and seaports, and is the supply lifeline to warfighters deployed globally. Nearly all DoD freight involves truck movement and all trucks with DoD freight are subject to orders by local law enforcement. Stopping trucks with DoD freight would ultimately cripple the Department of Defense in ways no adversary has been able to achieve.
A truck stoppage in the Great Lakes region will close down auto manufacturing, steel mills, and other major industries, not only putting thousands of workers out of work, but also disrupting the flow of automobiles and steel products to the rest of the nation. A stoppage at harvest time in or around any of the nation’s agricultural regions will cut off the transport of fresh foods, such as fruits, vegetables, and grains. Not only would Americans be deprived of fresh foods, the economic impact to the farming industry would be devastating.
Consider a truck stoppage in the states around Washington, D.C. The federal government will be slowed down within a week and could grind to a halt within two or three weeks. Moreover, a truck stoppage in a major metropolitan area will result in rapid depletion of food, bottled water, and critical medical supplies, potentially leading to civil unrest as citizens compete for basic necessities.
As demonstrated by the analysis of just a few key industries, restricting or shutting down all truck operations in response to a natural disaster, elevated threat level, terrorist attack, or pandemic will have a swift and devastating impact on the food, healthcare, transportation, waste removal, retail, manufacturing, and financial sectors.
Members of the trucking industry must educate government officials at the local, state, and federal levels about the dire consequences of a truck stoppage. At first glance, halting all truck travel appears to be a powerful tool to neutralize a terrorist threat or protect citizens from a pandemic. However, this is a solution that could be worse than the problem.
Instead, we must urge governments at all levels to develop contingency and action plans that use sophisticated techniques to isolate and respond to a threat. Working together, ATA believes that a solution can be found that avoids the ruinous effects that will be brought about by a freeze on truck travel.
This could be another problem:
Massive Mega-Quake Could Destroy Pacific Northwest, Report Says.
A new report predicts that a mega-earthquake could kill an estimated 13,000 people and destroy a sizable portion of the Pacific Northwest.
Even more disturbing? It's overdue.
The New Yorker reported that FEMA calculations show these types of earthquakes happen at regular intervals in this specific part of the world, roughly every 240 years.
The last one was more than 300 years ago, in 1700, when a quake there sent a 600-foot wave of water all the way to Japan.Michio Kaku, a physicist and professor at City College of New York, told Shepard Smith today that the troubling article does not overstate the danger.
"The Cascadia fault is an earthquake waiting to happen," Kaku stated. "We know it's going to happen with an energy 30 times the maximum energy of the San Andreas fault."
Kaku said Hollywood has "brainwashed" people into thinking that California is where the next massive earthquake will hit.
He added that before the mega-quake actually hits, there is a compression wave that is detected by animals.
"Animals start to act very strange. We've seen that happen before earthquakes," Kaku said. "And then, a minute, two minutes later, boom!"
The massive quake, with a magnitude of up to 9.2, would last about four minutes, according to seismologists, with a wall of water following about 15 minutes later.
Kaku said he's concerned that many of the 70,000 residents in the potential "inundation zone" have very little knowledge about this risk.
"It barely rates on the radar screen," he said. READ MORE
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