Solar Flares, CME and Sunspot Links

Updated October 22, 2001





LINK INDEX
Solar
Solar Eclipses
Sunspots
Solar Observatories




SOLAR
Virtual Tour of the Sun - Netherlands site, very slow for US users, several good mpeg movies, "tour" takes about 20 minutes, good basics for older kids

CANOPUS Auroral Network - ground-based array of instruments monitoring auroral-related events in support of international space science. It is operated and maintained by the Canadian Space Agency.

NASA's Daily Solar Flare Forecast - and space weather, daily solar images and animations

NASA Space Weather Tutorial

Global Oscillation Network Group - a community-based program to conduct a detailed study of solar internal structure and dynamics using helioseismology. In order to exploit this new technique, GONG has developed a six-station (Big Bear, CA; Mauna Loa, HI; Learmonth, Australia; Udaipur, India; Canary Island and Chile) network of extremely sensitive, and stable velocity imagers located around the Earth to obtain nearly continuous observation of the SUN's "five-minute" oscillations, or pulsations. Image Gallery, Movies, Magnetograms

Pictorial Introduction to the Sun - 20 slide show set.

Scientific American: The GONG Show: 7/96 - Astronomers learn ringing truths about the sun.

SDAC - Solar Data Analysis Center at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Maryland USA. - solar links, YOHKOH Archives, Eclipse images,

Solar Flare Theory - introduction to solar flares and solar flare research giving some general information about solar flares, a "feel" for scientific research into the energetic emissions from flares and a glance into the future of solar flare research.

"Solar Flare Zaps Satellite Camera" - article from Marshall Space Flight Center. "April 21, 1998: The sun itself has just provided a not-so-subtle hint that this sunspot cycle will be stronger than usual."

Solar Oscillations Investigation (SOI) - an international project to study the interior structure and dynamics of the Sun using the Michelson Doppler Imager (MDI) instrument.

Solar Physics Branch - Marshall Space Flight Center - images, animations, and information on solar astronomy missions and science. Topics include MSFC Vector Magnetograph, The Experimental Vector Magnetograph, The GOES Soft X-Ray Imager, The Yohkoh and Ulysses Missions, The Multi-Spectral Solar Telescope Array, The Solar and Heliospheric Observatory Mission (ESA/NASA), The Global Oscillations Network Group (NSF/National Solar Observatory) and The ISAS/NASA Solar-B Mission

Solar Terrestrial Activity Report - overview of solar and geomagnetic activity. Graphical comparison of recent solar cycles, sunspots, and solar flux. Information on recent flares and CMEs, coronal holes, forecast and map of recent, active solar regions. Generally updated once a day.

Solar Terrestrial Dispatch - provides information regarding the state of the sun and its effect on earth and the space environment near the earth, current solar activity and warnings, daily solar wind reports and POLAR Auroral images.

Spartan 201 - NASA's mission to explore the Sun's corona. Topics include the Sun, SOHO Mission, Solar Wind, SPARTAN 201 Spacecraft and Mission, STS-87

Stanford SOLAR Center - This site presents a collection of fun educational activities based on Solar Oscillations Investigation (SOI) and Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) data. Students can explore the Sun's tangled magnetic field, its turbulent surface motions, the dramatic sunspot cycle, and even what magic happens in the solar interior, where instrumental eyes cannot penetrate.

Students for the Exploration and Development of Space - from the University of Arizona, be sure to visit The Sun - Nine Planets, an excellent site with a huge amount of information

Yohkoh Public Outreach Project - the Yohkoh satellite is an observatory for studying X-rays and gamma-rays from the Sun. Site features data including movies and a wealth of information about the Sun. Latest Solar Images from Space looks at the most recent collection of images from the Yohkoh and SOHO spacecraft, Solar Tour , X-Ray Tours of the Sun, visit the Solar Classroom, and more.

Ulysses/ESA - has now embarked on a second orbit of the Sun, which it will complete in December, 2001. Photo gallery, Mission background FAQs

Ulysses Mission Operations Team - based at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in California. Provides information about past, present, and future operations of the spacecraft. The Ulysses Mission is a joint undertaking between the European Space Agency (ESA) and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Its goal is the exploration of the Sun's environment far out of the ecliptic plane. Ulysses is the only spacecraft to have visited this unique region above and below the poles of the Sun




SOLAR ECLIPSES
Eclipse Gallery - contains images of recent solar eclipses. Photographs taken with 1000mm Hasselblad and 300mm Pentax cameras.

EclipseChaser - including total solar eclipse and astronomy related articles and images.

Fred Espanek's Solar Home Page - NASA astronomer and eclipse forecaster Fred Espenak site for information on solar and lunar eclipse imaging

Solar Data Analysis Center Eclipse Information - serving NASA eclipse bulletins via both the Web and anonymous ftp. Currently, the bulletins for the total solar eclipses of 1994 November 3, 1995 October 24, 1997 March 9, 1998 February 26, and 1999 August 11 are online.

Solar Eclipse - coverage of solar eclipses since 1991: images/videos/QTVR, panoramas/time-lapse-sequences, plus travel log and pictures.

Solar Eclipse Links Page

Total Eclipse of the Sun - August 11, 1999 Cornwall UK, Europe, and Asia. The final total solar eclipse of the millennium, in 1999 (there is none in 2000) is a once-in-a-lifetime chance for Europeans to see the most spectacular astronomical phenomenon there is. On Wednesday, August 11, 1999, a total eclipse of the Sun will be visible from the Isles of Scilly, the Cornish mainland, Alderney in the Channel Islands, and much of mainland Europe. Apart from Finland in 1990, the last total eclipse in Europe was in 1961; and not since 1927 has the United Kingdom mainland seen a total eclipse. This is the last chance to observe a total eclipse in the British Isles before the 23rd of September 2090. Yes, 2090! Even Europe will not see such an event again until 2081.

Full Solar Eclipse 1999 - siting map for the UK

Total Solar Eclipse of 1999 August 11 - provides detailed predictions, maps, figures, and information about this historic event.

1998 Solar Eclipse - On Thursday, 1998 February 26, a total eclipse of the Sun was visible from within a narrow corridor which traverses the Western Hemisphere. The path of the Moon's umbral shadow began in the Pacific, continues through northern South America and the Caribbean Sea, and ends at sunset off the Atlantic coast of Africa. A partial eclipse was seen within the much broader path of the Moon's penumbral shadow, which includes parts of the United States and eastern Canada, Mexico, Central America and the northern half of South America.




SUNSPOTS
Exploratorium's Guide to Sunspots - basic guide to sunspots

Formation of Sunspots - MPEG movies

Sunspot Index Data Center

Sunspot Numbers - In 1848 Rudolph Wolf devised a daily method of estimating solar activity by counting the number of individual spots and groups of spots on the face of the sun. Wolf chose to compute his sunspot number by adding 10 times the number of groups to the total count of individual spots, because neither quantity alone completely captured the level of activity. Today, Wolf sunspot counts continue, since no other index of the sun's activity reaches into the past as far and as continuously. Site include material on Solar and Interplanetary Phenomenon, Flare-Associated Events, and Cosmic Rays

Sunspots - Research and observations from the UK suggest that sunspots are formed by rising tubes of magnetic flux that break through the Sun's. Diagrams, MPEGs and graphs relating to this topic.
surface.

Sunspots - information and images from Rice University

Sunspots - information and images from University of Oregon. Good primer

Sunspots and the Solar Cycle - up to date monitoring of the sunspot cycle and Earth's aurora. Informative site on Tutorial: Magnetic Fields on the Sun, NEW: 3D Models of Sunspot Magnetic Fields, Movies and Animations of the Active Sun, Sunspot Cycle 23 and Current Sunspot Numbers from NOAA and the NASA Marshall Space Sciences Lab

Sunspots as Predictors - a five-year study of sunspots and their effects on Earth.

Sunspots Cycles Linked to Planets Syzygies? - Sunspots cycles could be linked to heliocentric syzygies Jupiter, Earth and Venus. These occur in bursts, showing a regular signal, in phase with the sunspots cycles for three centuries.




SOLAR OBSERVATORIES

Amateur Solar Observatory - includes butterfly diagrams of sun. Bob van Slooten lives in Amersfoort, The Netherlands. He's an amateur astronomer and began observations in 1987 at the "Schothorst" public observatory. This location allows him to make about 250 observations throughout the year

Big Bear Solar Observatory - daily images of the sun, a tour of the observatory, and various movies (MPEG), images, and links related to solar astronomy. Operated by New Jersey Institute of Technology

Birmingham Solar Oscillations Network (BiSON) - current status and recent results and publications based on BiSON data, in the field of helioseismology. Located at University of Birmingham, U.K.

Learmonth Solar Observatory - The Learmonth Solar Observatory (LSO) is situated at an elevation of 10 m on the western shore of Exmouth Gulf on the North West Cape of Australia

Mees Solar Observatory - Daily and archival data from Mees Solar Observatory, including white light images, Ca k-line images, and vector magnetograms. Located at Haleakala, Maui, Hawaii.

National Solar Observatory - part of the National Optical Astronomy Observatories. NSO operates two major observatory sites. One is at Kitt Peak in Arizona

National Solar Observatory - Sacramento Peak

San Fernando Solar Observatory - a full-time research observatory dedicated to the study of our nearest star, the Sun. Our main research interests are solar variability and solar magnetic fields. Operated by the Department of Physics and Astronomy at California State University

Sea of Galilee Astrophysical Observatory - focuses on solar and stellar flare research as well as guiding

students in their astronomy research projects. The Observatory is located in the southern part of the sea of Galilee, next to the first Kibbutz in the world, Degania.

Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) - SOHO Archive Catalogs

Maldives Disaster Preparedness Planning Survey